A team of researchers and specialized officials from the Defense Food Research Laboratory (DFRL) are bolted on to deliver delicious and nutritious food for India’s first Human Spaceflight Mission – Gaganyaan.
The ready to-eat (RTE) space food is anticipated by March 2021.
It will go through preliminaries during the two unmanned missions planned by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) before Gaganyaan human spaceflight.
Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) stated that the scientists creating space food have proficiency in food innovation, microbiology and biotechnology.
Among the innovations that are being created by DFRL for Gaganyaan mission incorporate waste removal system, fluid distributing system, food re-hydrating framework and food heater.
DRDO sources said that DFRL, headed by Dr Anil Dutt Semwal, started the work for Gaganyaan mission in September 2019 subsequent to signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with ISRO.
“The lab has been constantly getting inputs from ISRO on the standards to be maintained while developing space food. ISRO on its part has been consulting India’s first and only astronaut Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma (Retd) for his guidance on several aspects of the manned flight,” a DRDO official said.
DFRL at first got the experience to create space food in 1984 during Rakesh Sharma’s mission. It had then given RTE mango bar and freeze dried pineapple and mango juice powders. Appropriate for space missions, these RTE items consistently remained close to new, light-weight and would rehydrate immediately.
For Gagaanyaan mission, DFRL items have been screened for its space value by exposing them to intricate macro\micro supplement investigation, receptive assessment, microbiological safety and adequacy according to NASA norms.
A comprehensive menu has been designed considering the calorie prerequisites of the astronauts.
The menu include: Vegetable Pulav, Vegetable Biryani, Sooji Halwa, Shahi Paneer, Dal Makhani, Chicken Biryani, Chicken Kathi Rolls, Kathi (egg), Katti Rolls (Paneer, Sweet Corn), Potato-stuffed Parantha, Dal Chawal, Kadi Chawal, Rajma Chawal, Sambar Chawal, Chapatis alongside Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) and saline water.
On the freeze dried section, the astronauts can choose Pineapple juice powder, Carrot/Cucumber, Chicken Shreds. Instant food like Idli Sambar, Khichidi, Moong Dal Halwa, Coconut Chutney, Jiffy Upma are likewise on the menu.
The snack segment has Fruit and Nut bar, Omega-3 rich bar, Dates bar, Chocolate bar, Mango bar, mix tech prepared dry fruits (salted almond, cashew and pumpkin seeds), beans in sauce, tomato sauce, pickle (mango/lemon). Drinks like mango nectar, espresso and tea will likewise hit the space.
A food heater has been structured only for space food, giving a temperature of 60°C-70°C within 8 to 10 minutes. A model of an in-pocket re-hydration system likewise has been intended for instant food items. Plans are brewing for appropriate natural waste management inside the crew module.
Surprisingly, the latest NASA highlight says that the crew members at the International Space Station (ISS) today have the advantage of selecting from 200 distinct items from their standard menu, including some individual decisions.
“We will get there one day as we have the expertise to deliver space food. NASA and ISS have set benchmarks with several manned missions and Gaganyaan will set the ball rolling for us,” states an official.
DFRL is depending on its high achievement pace of conveying quality RTE food to Indian military throughout the long term. From creating landscape explicit foods for high altitudes, deserts to vitality dense food for battle circumstances, the scientists are certain to take up the difficulties tossed at them by the Gaganyaan mission.